Medical specialities, specialists, qualifications, degrees, fellowships and diplomas (abbreviations)

1. Allergy and Immunology

The medical specialty of Allergy and Immunology focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of allergies.
 
2. Anesthesiology
Anesthesiology is the medical specialty focusing on administering pain-killing drugs during surgery in the operating room. Anesthesiology also includes the field of Pain Management, a sub-specialty which helps manage chronic (ongoing) pain in patients with prescription medication, injections, or other therapeutic methods.
 
3. Dermatology
The field of dermatology focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the skin.
 
4. Emergency Medicine
Emergency Medicine is the field which focuses on emergent, or acute medical care of patients who need immediate medical attention due to trauma, accident, or a major medical event.
 
5. Family Medicine
Family medicine is a primary care field overseeing the basic healthcare needs of patients of all ages, from infant to geriatric.
 
6. Internal Medicine
Internal medicine is similar to family medicine in that it includes primary care and basic healthcare management of all areas of a patient's health. However, internal medicine typically does not include pediatrics or obstetrics, whereas family medicine often does. Additionally, internal medicine includes more in-depth training and patient care in a hospital setting and acute care. Finally, internal medicine includes many more sub-specialties such as:
 
Neurology is the medical specialty focusing on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the brain and nervous system. Patients who have suffered a stroke, or who battle ailments such as epilepsy, Alzheimer's, or Parkinson's are a few examples of some of the patients who are treated by neurologists.
 
8. Neurosurgery
Neurosurgery is a surgical specialty of medicine devoted solely to surgery of the brain.
 
9. OB/GYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology)
Obstetrics is healthcare for pregnant women, including labor and childbirth and providing a safe delivery of the baby. Gynecology entails the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the female reproductive system.
 
10. Ophthalmology
Ophthalmology is the medical specialty focusing on treatment of the eyes, and retina. Not to be confused with an optometrist, ophthalmologists can also do eye surgery and prescribe medication unlike optometrists, who typically focus on eyesight correction and enhancement and prescription lenses.
 
11. Orthopaedic Surgery
Orthopaedic surgery entails surgery of the joints, bones, and muscles. Patients with sports injuries, or injuries from an accident may be treated by orthopaedic surgeons, as are patients with some types of arthritis in the joints which may be surgically repaired.
 
Otolaryngology is the medical specialty commonly known as "E.N.T.", which stands for ear, nose, and throat. Otolaryngology includes office-based care, and surgical procedures both in the hospital and in the office. Therefore, a variety of practice environments and employers are available in this field.
 
13. Pediatrics
Pediatrics is a primary care field of medicine focusing on the healthcare of children, from newborn to age 18. Most pediatric jobs are office-based, where routine physicals, immunizations, coughs and colds, and "lumps and bumps" are handled frequently. However, there are also numerous pediatric jobs available at children's hospitals, particularly in pediatric subspecialties such as pediatric surgery.
 
14. Psychiatry
Psychiatry entails the treatment of patients' mental health and well-being. Psychiatry may be practiced in an office, providing psychotherapy and medication for more common psychiatric care, or in a psychiatric hospital for more serious, acute psychiatric issues such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and other issues requiring hospitalization. Psychiatry also involves treatment of patients with addictions such as drugs or alcohol.
 
15. Radiology
Radiology is the medical field which entails the use of medical imaging to diagnose a variety of problems across all specialties and body systems. Radiology is a very high-tech field offering a great deal of job growth, because it is utilized in conjunction with so many other medical specialties including cardiology, surgery, oncology, gastroenterology, to name a few.
 
16. Surgery
General surgeons perform a variety of abdominal and laparoscopic surgeries. Surgeons may also subspecialize to focus on trauma surgery, vascular surgery, plastic surgery, or cardiac surgery. Surgical careers involve surgeon, surgical tech, or OR nurse.
 
17. Urology
Urology is the medical specialty involving diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of the urinary tract as well as the male reproductive system. Urology includes office-based care and surgical treatment.
 
Abbreviation
Qualification or full description
BCh
Bachelor of Surgery
BChir
Bachelor of Surgery
BM
Bachelor of Medicine
BMedSci
Bachelor of Medical Sciences
BPharm
Bachelor of Pharmacy
BS
Bachelor of Surgery
BSc
Bachelor of Science
ChB
Bachelor of Surgery
CPH
Certificate in Public Health
DA
Diploma in Anaesthetics
DCh
Doctor of Surgery
DCH
Diploma in Child Health
DCP
Diploma in Clinical Pathology
DCPath
Diploma College of Pathologists
DDS
Doctor of Dental Surgery
DFM
Diploma in Forensic Medicine
DGM
Diploma in Geriatric Medicine
DGO
Diploma in Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Dip GU Med
Diploma in Genitourinary Medicine
DMR
Diploma in Medical Radiology
DO
Diploma in Ophthalmology
DObst
Diploma in Obstetrics
DPath
Diploma in Pathology
DPhil
Doctor of Philosophy
DPhysMed
Diploma in Physical Medicine
DPH
Diploma in Public Health
DPM
Diploma in Psychological Medicine
DR
Diploma in Radiology
DRCOG
Diploma Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
DRCPath
Diploma Royal College of Pathologists
DS
Doctor of Surgery
FFA
Fellow Faculty of Anaesthetists
FFCM
Fellow Faculty of Community Medicine
FFFP
Fellow of the Faculty of Family Planning
FFPath
Fellow Faculty of Pathology
FFPHM
Fellow Faculty of Public Health Medicine
FFR
Fellow Faculty of Radiologists
FRCA
Fellow Royal College of Anaesthetists
FRCGP
Fellow Royal College of General Practitioners
FRCOG
Fellow Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
FRCOphth
Fellow College of Ophthalmology
FRCPath
Fellow Royal College of Pathologists
FRCPS
Fellow Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons
FRCPsych
Fellow Royal College of Psychiatrists
FRCR
Fellow Royal College of Radiologists
FRCS
Fellow Royal College of Surgeons
FRCSI
Fellow Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland
FRS
Fellow of the Royal Society
FRSH
Fellow Royal Society of Health
GP
General Practitioner
LMS
Licentiate of Medicine & Surgery
LRCP
Licentiate Royal College of Physicians
LRCPI
Licentiate Royal College of Physicians of Ireland
LRCPS
Licentiate Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons
LRCS
Licentiate Royal College of Surgeons
LRCSI
Licentiate Royal College of Surgeons of Ireland
MA
Master of Arts
MBAcA
Member British Acupuncture Association
MBBCh
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MBBS
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MBChB
Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery
MCh, MChir
Master of Surgery
MChOrth
Master of Orthopaedic Surgery
MClinPscychol
Master of Clinical Psychology
MD
Doctor of Medicine
MFFP
Member Faculty of Family Planning
MFOM
Member Faculty of Occupational Medicine
MFPHM
Member Faculty of Public Health Medicine
MMed
Master of Medicine
MMedSc
Master of Medical Science
MPhil
Master of Philosophy
MRCGP
Member Royal College of General Practitioners
MRCOG
Member Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
MRCP
Member Royal College of Physicians
MRCPath
Member Royal College of Pathologists
MRCPI
Member Royal College of Physicians of Ireland
MRCPsych
Member Royal College of Psychiatrists
MRCS
Member Royal College of Surgeons
MS
Master of Surgery
MSc
Master of Science
PRHO
Pre-Registration House Officer (now replaced by Foundation Year 1)
PhD
Doctor of Philosophy
SHO
Senior House Officer
SpR
Specialist Registrar

List of Australian Fellowship qualifications

Acronym Fellowship title
FACC Fellow of the American College of Cardiology
FACCS Fellow of the Australasian College of Cosmetic Surgery
FACD Fellow of the Australasian College of Dermatologists
FACEM Fellow of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine
FAChPM Fellow of the Australasian Chapter of Palliative Medicine [RACP]
FAChSHM Fellow of the Australasian Chapter of Sexual Health Medicine [RACP] [Formerly the FACSHP]
FACNEM Fellow of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine
FACOM Fellow of the Australian College of Occupational Medicine [Now the FAFOEM]
FACP Fellow of the American College of Physicians
FACRRM Fellow of the Australian College of Rural and Remote Medicine
FACS Fellow of the American College of Surgeons
FACSHP Fellow of the Australasian College of Sexual Health Physicians [Now FAChSHM]
FACSM Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine
FAFOEM Fellow of the Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine [Formerly the FAFOM and FACOM]
FAFOM Fellow of the Australasian Faculty of Occupational Medicine [Now the FAFOEM]
FAFPHM Fellow of the Australasian Faculty of Public Health Medicine
FAFRM Fellow of the Australasian Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine
FANZCA Fellow of the Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists
FARGP Fellow in Advanced Rural General Practice
FASMF Fellow of the Australian Sports Medicine Federation
FASN Fellow of the American Society of Nephrology
FAWM Fellow of the Academy of Wilderness Medicine
FCSANZ Fellow of the Cardiovascular Society of Australia and New Zealand
FESC Fellow of the European Society of Cardiology
FFICANZCA Fellow of the Faculty of Intensive Care Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists
FFPMANZCA Fellow of the Faculty of Pain Medicine, Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists
FFSEM (UK) Fellow of the Faculty of Sport and Exercise MedicineÊ[UK]
FJFICM Fellow of the Joint Faculty of Intensive Care Medicine
FRACDS (OMS) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Dental Surgeons (Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery)
FRACGP Fellow of the Royal Australian College of General Practitioners
FRACMA Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Medical Administrators
FRACP Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians
FRACS Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons
FRACS (Card) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in Cardiothoracic Surgery
FRACS (Gen) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in General Surgery
FRACS (Neuro) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in Neurourgery
FRACS (Ortho) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in Orthopaedic Surgery
FRACS (OHNS) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery
FRACS (Paed) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in Paediatric Surgery
FRACS (Plast) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
FRACS (Urol) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in Urology
FRACS (Vasc) Fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons Specializing in Vascular Surgery
FRANZCO Fellow of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists
FRANZCOG Fellow of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists
FRANZCP Fellow of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
FRANZCR Fellow of the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists
FRCPA Fellow of the Royal College of Pathologists of Australasia
FSCAI Fellow of the Society of Cardiovascular Angiography and Intervention
FSDrA Fellow of Sports Doctors Australia

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